Subhash Kapoor was convicted alongside five accomplices on charges including criminal conspiracy, burglary and the illegal export of 19 artifacts worth over 940 million rupees ($11.4 million), a police spokesperson confirmed to News84Media.
The verdict follows a years-long investigation into Kapoor, who stands accused of trafficking thousands of treasures plundered from temples, ruins and archaeological sites across Asia. The Indian American dealer’s looting network is believed to have falsified ancient artifacts’ authentication documents before selling them through his Manhattan gallery, Art of the Past.
Following his arrest in Germany in 2011, Kapoor was sent to face charges in India’s Tamil Nadu state, where his trial began last year. Although the dealer has already spent 11 years in prison, he will not walk free following the sentencing, as he has also been indicted in the US on counts including grand larceny, conspiracy, scheme to defraud and criminal possession of stolen property.
As part of an investigation dubbed “Operation Hidden Idol,” the Manhattan District Attorney’s Antiquities Trafficking Unit — a taskforce of lawyers, investigators and art experts — has seized more than 2,500 looted artifacts, worth an estimated $143 million, that are linked to Kapoor. In addition to the 19 items he has now been convicted of smuggling, the dealer has also been accused of handling thousands of other items from countries including Nepal, Cambodia, Pakistan and Afghanistan.
An image provided by the Manhattan District Attorney’s office shows an elaborately carved marble archway, dating to the 12th or 13th centuries, that US investigators believe Kapoor smuggled into the US from India. The arch was later donated by a private collector to the Yale University Art Gallery. Credit: Yale University Art Gallery
In an emailed statement, a spokesperson for Manhattan District Attorney Alvin Bragg told News84Media his office was in contact with the US Department of Justice and Indian authorities about the case. “In 2020 the office filed extradition paperwork for Kapoor and we intend to prosecute him in the United States pursuant to our ongoing investigation,” the spokesperson added.
Kapoor’s New York-based lawyer Georges Lederman confirmed that the dealer will remain in custody in India due to the extradition request. Last year, Lederman told News84Media that his client intends to contest the US charges on double jeopardy grounds, as “the underlying conduct he is being charged for in New York is the same for which he has already served in India.”
Top image: Subhash Kapoor being escorted by police to a court in Tamil Nadu, India, in July 2015.