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Climate change: even a slight change in temperature can lead to mass migration



strong points

A one degree increase in temperature has a profound effect on the Earth’s climate.
In vulnerable countries like Somalia, this increase will increase displacement tenfold.
This is a matter of great concern for countries that are already short of rainfall.

The effects of climate change around the world generally draw more attention to the weather and its rapid effects. Even in the far-reaching consequences, more mention is made of issues like the environment, species extinction, health, and submergence due to increased heat. But one aspect that receives less attention is the forced migration of people. A new study has found that just one degree Celsius increase in temperature can increase the number of displaced people around the world by 10 times. This result came out of the search. In which migration in Somalia was studied due to the effect of war, weather and drought.

who has the most impact
According to research by the University of Oxford, a rainfall deficit of 50 millimeters per month could cause travel to double. This displacement no longer becomes a reason to increase any war or dispute. Dr Lisa Thalheimer, research associate at Oxford’s Institute of Environmental Change and Climate Econometrics team and leader of the study, says the situation for pastoralists and farmers in Somalia is very fragile.

just a small change
Here, a single degree Celsius increase in normal temperature, whether continuous or repeated over a few months, is enough to dry out pastures and reduce crop yields. Research shows that these seemingly small temperature changes can have huge effects, forcing communities from their homes.

cause for concern
Dr Lisa says her research on Somalia found that a warming of one degree Celsius would increase the estimated displacement tenfold. It is of great concern that even a slight increase in temperature has such a large effect. It highlights how climate change could impact drought-prone regions of Africa.

Earth, climate change, population, research, science, temperature rise forced migration, migration, displacement of people, weather, drought, conflicts,

Farmers and herders are more affected due to increased temperature and reduced rainfall in Somalia. (Representative image: Wikimedia Commons)

what if
The study found that a one degree increase in local monthly temperature alone would increase the estimated displacement by 1,098%. If the average monthly rainfall drops from 100mm to 50mm, the displaced population in Somalia will double. Mortis Schwarz, also from the Smith School of Enterprise and the Environment in Oxford, who was also involved in the study, says climate change is already being seen in these vulnerable areas and is likely to get worse.

Read also: Geopolitical changes are dividing the world into 3 groups, says German expert

some measures will work
Schwarz noted that research suggests that exploring adaptation measures, building local capacity and getting humanitarian aid quickly will help prevent future mass displacement and reduce the risk of extreme weather or disasters. war. Prevention can also avoid the situation of complete destruction.

Earth, climate change, population, research, science, temperature rise forced migration, migration, displacement of people, weather, drought, conflicts,

The role of conflict in displacement in Somalia was also explored in the study. (Representative image: Wikimedia Commons)

conflict and displacement
Detailed analysis also revealed that conflict or war is the main driver of displacement. Understanding the role of conflict in displacement is a difficult task. It can also include drought and other factors. It has also been investigated in research whether displacement increases the possibility of conflict upon reaching another location, or the pressure of lack of resources like food and water. He found that was not the case.

Read also: Ancient Global Warming Events Predict Earth’s Future

The researchers found that they also saw little effect on conflict caused by people coming to a location. This information is new and shows that it is wrong to believe that displacement breeds more conflict and conflict. The study, published in Global Environmental Change, made a detailed study of local data from 18 different regions of Samolia, in which the reasons for the displacement of two million people were researched in two years.

Tags: climate change, Earth, population, research, Science