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India backed ‘Black Sea Grains Deal’ at UN, says – solution will come out of talks



New York: India once again expressed its deep concern over the ongoing conflict in Ukraine and called for an immediate end to this enmity and for an approach of dialogue and diplomacy. Speaking at the annual United Nations General Assembly (UNGA) discussion on Ukraine, the Permanent Representative of India to the United Nations, while defending India, said that no solution can ever be found at the cost of human lives as the escalation of violence proves beneficial to no one.

Expressing concern over reports of attacks on civilians and other infrastructure, Ambassador Ruchira Kamboj once again reiterated the famous words of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, saying, “This is not an era of war. It is with this understanding and this spirit that India is actively participating in this debate. Kamboj told the General Assembly that India is constantly concerned about the situation in Ukraine. This conflict claimed the lives of thousands of people, especially children, women and the elderly, who had to face hardship, thousands of people were left homeless and forced to take refuge in neighboring countries.

The discussion took place after Russia’s exit from the Black Sea Grains Agreement, also known as the United Nations Grains Agreement. In fact, on Monday, Russia canceled the Black Sea Grains Agreement, which affected the flow of grain from Ukraine to regions in Africa, the Middle East and Asia.

Black Sea Grains Agreement
In order to deal with the growing food crisis in the world, the United Nations and Turkey negotiated and persuaded Russia to sign the Black Sea Grains Agreement. This was followed by an agreement in July 2022, under which Russia allowed Ukraine to pass through three ports of Chornomorsk, Pivedni and Odessa carrying food grains after inspection. A safe passage 310 nautical miles long and 3 nautical miles wide has been prepared in the Black Sea. So far, the duration of this agreement has been extended four times. It was last extended for 60 days on May 17, which expired on July 17. Now Russia has decided to cancel it.

Russia’s decision may create a food crisis
The move has raised concerns about hunger and rising food prices in many regions. The Black Sea Grains Agreement brokered by the United Nations and Turkey has played a key role in facilitating the transport of food from Ukraine to countries in Africa, the Middle East and Asia. Now the global food crisis has worsened due to its suspension. On the UN grain deal, Ambassador Ruchira Kamboj said India was deeply concerned and concerned about the recent developments, which have undermined the broader cause of peace and stability. “I would like to add here that India supports the efforts of the UN Secretary General to pursue the Black Sea Grains Agreement and looks forward to a speedy resolution of the current impasse,” she said.

Negotiation is the only solution to any dispute
Ruchira Kamboj said, “Dialogue can be the only way to manage all differences and disputes, it may seem difficult now, we must keep all doors of diplomacy open to pave the way for peace.” On the current state of the Russian-Ukrainian conflict, the Indian envoy told the UNGA that it is also regrettable that the Ukrainian conflict is escalating and has caused substantial damage to the entire southern world. “It is therefore important that the voices of the global South are heard and that their legitimate concerns are addressed appropriately,” he stressed.

Keywords: India, Russia, Ukraine